Sec. 139.319 - Aircraft rescue and firefighting:
(a) Except as provided in paragraph (c)
of this section, each certificate holder shall provide on the airport,
during air carrier operations at the airport, at least the rescue and
firefighting capability specified for the Index required by §139.317.
(b) Increase in Index. Except as
provided in paragraph (c) of this section, if an increase in the average
daily departures or the length of air carrier aircraft results in an
increase in the Index required by paragraph (a) of this section, the
certificate holder shall comply with the increased requirements.
(c) Reduction in rescue and
firefighting. During air carrier operations with only aircraft shorter
than the Index aircraft group required by paragraph (a) of this section,
the certificate holder may reduce the rescue and firefighting to a lower
level corresponding to the Index group of the longest air carrier aircraft
(d) Any reduction in the rescue and
firefighting capability from the Index required by paragraph (a) of this
section in accordance with paragraph (c) of this section shall be subject
to the following conditions:
(1) Procedures for, and the persons
having the authority to implement, the reductions must be included in the
airport certification manual.
(2) A system and procedures for recall
of the full aircraft rescue and firefighting capability must be included
in the airport certification manual.
(3) The reductions may not be
implemented unless notification to air carriers is provided in the
Airport/Facility Directory or Notices to Airmen (NOTAM), as appropriate,
and by direct notification of local air carriers.
(e) Vehicle communications. Each
vehicle required under §139.317 shall be equipped with two-way voice radio
communications which provides for contact with at least --
(1) Each other required emergency
(2) The air traffic control tower, if it
is located on the airport; and
(3) Other stations, as specified in the
airport emergency plan.
(f) Vehicle marking and lighting.
Each vehicle required under §139.317 shall --
(1) Have a flashing or rotating beacon;
(2) Be painted or marked in colors to
enhance contrast with the background environment and optimize daytime and
nighttime visibility and identification.
(g) FAA Advisory Circulars in the 150
series contain standards for painting, marking and lighting vehicles used
on airports which are acceptable to the Administrator.
(h) Vehicle readiness. Each
vehicle required under §139.317 shall be maintained as follows:
(1) The vehicle and its systems shall be
maintained so as to be operationally capable of performing the functions
required by this subpart during all air carrier operations.
(2) If the airport is located in a
geographical area subject to prolonged temperatures below 33 degrees
Fahrenheit, the vehicles shall be provided with cover or other means to
ensure equipment operation and discharge under freezing conditions.
(3) Any required vehicle which becomes
inoperative to the extent that it cannot perform as required by
§139.319(h)(1) shall be replaced immediately with equipment having at
least equal capabilities. If replacement equipment is not available
immediately, the certificate holder shall so notify the Regional Airports
Division Manager and each air carrier using the airport in accordance with
§139.339. If the required Index level of capability is not restored within
48 hours, the airport operator, unless otherwise authorized by the
Administrator, shall limit air carrier operations on the airport to those
compatible with the Index corresponding to the remaining operative rescue
and firefighting equipment.
(i) Response requirements. (1)
Each certificate holder, with the airport rescue and firefighting
equipment required under this part and the number of trained personnel
which will assure an effective operation, shall --
(i) Respond to each emergency during
periods of air carrier operations; and
(ii) When requested by the
Administrator, demonstrate compliance with the response requirements
specified in this section.
(2) The response required by paragraph (i)(1)(ii)
of this section shall achieve the following performance:
(i) Within 3 minutes from the time of
the alarm, at least one required airport rescue and firefighting vehicle
shall reach the midpoint of the farthest runway serving air carrier
aircraft from its assigned post, or reach any other specified point of
comparable distance on the movement area which is available to air
carriers, and begin application of foam, dry chemical, or halon 1211.
(ii) Within 4 minutes from the time of
alarm, all other required vehicles shall reach the point specified in
paragraph (i)(2)(i) of this section from their assigned post and begin
application of foam, dry chemical, or halon 1211.
(j) Personnel. Each certificate
holder shall ensure the following:
(1) All rescue and firefighting
personnel are equipped in a manner acceptable to the Administrator with
protective clothing and equipment needed to perform their duties.
(2) All rescue and firefighting
personnel are properly trained to perform their duties in a manner
acceptable to the Administrator. The training curriculum shall include
initial and recurrent instruction in at least the following areas:
(i) Airport familiarization.
(ii) Aircraft familiarization.
(iii) Rescue and firefighting personnel
(iv) Emergency communications systems on
the airport, including fire alarms.
(v) Use of the fire hoses, nozzles,
turrets, and other appliances required for compliance with this part.
(vi) Application of the types of
extinguishing agents required for compliance with this part.
(vii) Emergency aircraft evacuation
(viii) Firefighting operations.
(ix) Adapting and using structural
rescue and firefighting equipment for aircraft rescue and firefighting.
(x) Aircraft cargo hazards.
(xi) Familiarization with firefighters'
duties under the airport emergency plan.
(3) All rescue and firefighting
personnel participate in at least one live-fire drill every 12 months.
(4) After January 1, 1989, at least one
of the required personnel on duty during air carrier operations has been
trained and is current in basic emergency medical care. This training
shall include 40 hours covering at least the following areas:
(ii) Cardiopulmonary resuscitation.
(iv) Primary patient survey.
(v) Injuries to the skull, spine, chest,
(vi) Internal injuries.
(vii) Moving patients.
(5) Sufficient rescue and firefighting
personnel are available during all air carrier operations to operate the
vehicles, meet the response times, and meet the miminum agent discharge
rates required by this part;
(6) Procedures and equipment are
established and maintained for alerting rescue and firefighting personnel
by siren, alarm, or other means acceptable to the Administrator, to any
existing or impending emergency requiring their assistance.
(k) Emergency access roads. Each
certificate holder shall ensure that roads which are designated for use as
emergency access roads for aircraft rescue and firefighting vehicles are
maintained in a condition that will support those vehicles during
[Doc. No. 24812, 52 FR 44282, Nov. 18, 1987; 53
FR 4258, Feb. 12, 1988, as amended by Amdt. 139-15, 53 FR 40843, Oct. 18,
1988; Amdt. 139-16, 54 FR 39295, Sept. 25, 1989]