Section 1. Applicability. This Special Federal Aviation
Regulation prescribes operating rules for airplane and helicopter visual
flight rules air tour flights conducted in the State of Hawaii under 14
CFR parts 91, 121, and 135. This rule does not apply to:
(a) Operations conducted under 14 CFR part 121 in airplanes with a
passenger seating configuration of more than 30 seats or a payload
capacity of more than 7,500 pounds.
(b) Flights conducted in gliders or hot air balloons.
Section 2. Definitions. For the purposes of this SFAR:
"Air tour" means any sightseeing flight conducted under visual flight
rules in an airplane or helicopter for compensation or hire.
"Air tour operator" means any person who conducts an air tour.
Section 3. Helicopter flotation equipment. No person may conduct
an air tour in Hawaii in a single-engine helicopter beyond the shore of
any island, regardless of whether the helicopter is within gliding
distance of the shore, unless:
(a) The helicopter is amphibious or is equipped with floats adequate to
accomplish a safe emergency ditching and approved flotation gear is easily
accessible for each occupant; or
(b) Each person on board the helicopter is wearing approved flotation
Section 4. Helicopter performance plan. Each operator must
complete a performance plan before each helicopter air tour flight. The
performance plan must be based on the information in the Rotorcraft Flight
Manual (RFM), considering the maximum density altitude for which the
operation is planned for the flight to determine the following:
(a) Maximum gross weight and center of gravity (CG) limitations for
hovering in ground effect;
(b) Maximum gross weight and CG limitations for hovering out of ground
(c) Maximum combination of weight, altitude, and temperature for which
height-velocity information in the RFM. is valid.
The pilot in command (PIC) must comply with the performance plan.
Section 5. Helicopter operating limitations. Except for approach
to and transition from a hover, the PIC shall operate the helicopter at a
combination of height and forward speed (including hover) that would
permit a safe landing in event of engine power loss, in accordance with
the height-speed envelope for that helicopter under current weight and
Section 6. Minimum flight altitudes. Except when necessary for
takeoff and landing, or operating in compliance with an air traffic
control clearance, or as otherwise authorized by the Administrator, no
person may conduct an air tour in Hawaii:
(a) Below an altitude of 1,500 feet above the surface over all areas of
the State of Hawaii, and,
(b) Closer than 1,500 feet to any person or property; or,
(c) Below any altitude prescribed by federal statute or regulation.
Section 7. Passenger briefing. Before takeoff, each PIC of an
air tour flight of Hawaii with a flight segment beyond the ocean shore of
any island shall ensure that each passenger has been briefed on the
following, in addition to requirements set forth in 14 CFR 91.107,
121.571, or 135.117:
(a) Water ditching procedures;
(b) Use of required flotation equipment; and
(c) Emergency egress from the aircraft in event of a water landing.
Section 8. Termination date. This Special Federal Aviation
Regulation expires on October 26, 2003.