(a) General. Unless otherwise authorized by ATC, each aircraft
operation in Class C airspace must be conducted in compliance with this
section and §91.129. For the purpose of this section, the primary airport
is the airport for which the Class C airspace area is designated. A
satellite airport is any other airport within the Class C airspace area.
(b) Traffic patterns. No person may take off or land an aircraft
at a satellite airport within a Class C airspace area except in compliance
with FAA arrival and departure traffic patterns.
(c) Communications. Each person operating an aircraft in Class C
airspace must meet the following two-way radio communications
(1) Arrival or through flight. Each person must establish
two-way radio communications with the ATC facility (including foreign ATC
in the case of foreign airspace designated in the United States) providing
air traffic services prior to entering that airspace and thereafter
maintain those communications while within that airspace.
(2) Departing flight. Each person --
(i) From the primary airport or satellite airport with an operating
control tower must establish and maintain two-way radio communications
with the control tower, and thereafter as instructed by ATC while
operating in the Class C airspace area; or
(ii) From a satellite airport without an operating control tower, must
establish and maintain two-way radio communications with the ATC facility
having jurisdiction over the Class C airspace area as soon as practicable
(d) Equipment requirements. Unless otherwise authorized by the
ATC having jurisdiction over the Class C airspace area, no person may
operate an aircraft within a Class C airspace area designated for an
airport unless that aircraft is equipped with the applicable equipment
specified in §91.215.
(e) Deviations. An operator may deviate from any provision of
this section under the provisions of an ATC authorization issued by the
ATC facility having jurisdiction over the airspace concerned. ATC may
authorize a deviation on a continuing basis or for an individual flight,