(a) No person may operate a civil aircraft in a Category II or III
operation unless --
(1) The flight crew of the aircraft consists of a pilot in command and
a second in command who hold the appropriate authorizations and ratings
prescribed in §61.3 of this chapter;
(2) Each flight crewmember has adequate knowledge of, and familiarity
with, the aircraft and the procedures to be used; and
(3) The instrument panel in front of the pilot who is controlling the
aircraft has appropriate instrumentation for the type of flight control
guidance system that is being used.
(b) Unless otherwise authorized by the Administrator, no person may
operate a civil aircraft in a Category II or Category III operation unless
each ground component required for that operation and the related airborne
equipment is installed and operating.
(c) Authorized DH. For the purpose of this section, when the
approach procedure being used provides for and requires the use of a DH,
the authorized DH is the highest of the following:
(1) The DH prescribed by the approach procedure.
(2) The DH prescribed for the pilot in command.
(3) The DH for which the aircraft is equipped.
(d) Unless otherwise authorized by the Administrator, no pilot
operating an aircraft in a Category II or Category III approach that
provides and requires use of a DH may continue the approach below the
authorized decision height unless the following conditions are met:
(1) The aircraft is in a position from which a descent to a landing on
the intended runway can be made at a normal rate of descent using normal
maneuvers, and where that descent rate will allow touchdown to occur
within the touchdown zone of the runway of intended landing.
(2) At least one of the following visual references for the intended
runway is distinctly visible and identifiable to the pilot:
(i) The approach light system, except that the pilot may not descend
below 100 feet above the touchdown zone elevation using the approach
lights as a reference unless the red terminating bars or the red side row
bars are also distinctly visible and identifiable.
(ii) The threshold.
(iii) The threshold markings.
(iv) The threshold lights.
(v) The touchdown zone or touchdown zone markings.
(vi) The touchdown zone lights.
(e) Unless otherwise authorized by the Administrator, each pilot
operating an aircraft shall immediately execute an appropriate missed
approach whenever, prior to touchdown, the requirements of paragraph (d)
of this section are not met.
(f) No person operating an aircraft using a Category III approach
without decision height may land that aircraft except in accordance with
the provisions of the letter of authorization issued by the Administrator.
(g) Paragraphs (a) through (f) of this section do not apply to
operations conducted by the holders of certificates issued under part 121,
125, 129, or 135 of this chapter. No person may operate a civil aircraft
in a Category II or Category III operation conducted by the holder of a
certificate issued under part 121, 125, 129, or 135 of this chapter unless
the operation is conducted in accordance with that certificate holder's