Sec. 34.1 - Definitions.
As used in this part, all terms not defined herein shall have the meaning given them in the Clean Air Act, as amended (42 U.S.C. 7401 et. seq.):
Act means the Clean Air Act, as amended (42 U.S.C. 7401 et. seq.).
Administrator means the Administrator of the Federal Aviation Administration or any person to whom he has delegated his authority in the matter concerned.
Administrator of the EPA means the Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency and any other officer or employee of the Environmental Protection Agency to whom the authority involved may be delegated.
Aircraft as used in this part means any airplane as defined in 14 CFR part 1 for which a U.S. standard airworthiness certificate or equivalent foreign airworthiness certificate is issued.
Aircraft engine means a propulsion engine which is installed in, or which is manufactured for installation in, an aircraft.
Aircraft gas turbine engine means a turboprop, turbofan, or turbojet aircraft engine.
Class TP means all aircraft turboprop engines.
Class TF means all turbofan or turbojet aircraft engines or aircraft engines designed for applications that otherwise would have been fulfilled by turbojet and turbofan engines except engines of class T3, T8, and TSS.
Class T3 means all aircraft gas turbine engines of the JT3D model family.
Class T8 means all aircraft gas turbine engines of the JT8D model family.
Class TSS means all aircraft gas turbine engines employed for propulsion of aircraft designed to operate at supersonic flight speeds.
Commercial aircraft engine means any aircraft engine used or intended for use by an "air carrier" (including those engaged in "intrastate air transportation") or a "commercial operator" (including those engaged in "intrastate air transportation") as these terms are defined in the Federal Aviation Act and the Federal Aviation Regulations.
Commercial aircraft gas turbine engine means a turboprop, turbofan, or turbojet commercial aircraft engine.
Date of manufacture of an engine is the date the inspection acceptance records reflect that the engine is complete and meets the FAA approved type design.
Emission measurement system means all of the equipment necessary to transport the emission sample and measure the level of emissions. This includes the sample system and the instrumentation system.
Engine model means all commercial aircraft turbine engines which are of the same general series, displacement, and design characteristics and are approved under the same type certificate.
Exhaust emissions means substances emitted into the atmosphere from the exhaust discharge nozzle of an aircraft or aircraft engine.
Fuel venting emissions means raw fuel, exclusive of hydrocarbons in the exhaust emissions, discharged from aircraft gas turbine engines during all normal ground and flight operations.
In-use aircraft gas turbine engine means an aircraft gas turbine engine which is in service.
New aircraft turbine engine means an aircraft gas turbine engine which has never been in service.
Power setting means the power or thrust output of an engine in terms of kilonewtons thrust for turbojet and turbofan engines or shaft power in terms of kilowatts for turboprop engines.
Rated output (r0) means the maximum power/thrust available for takeoff at standard day conditions as approved for the engine by the Federal Aviation Administration, including reheat contribution where applicable, but excluding any contribution due to water injection and excluding any emergency power/thrust rating.
Rated pressure ratio (rPR) means the ratio between the combustor inlet pressure and the engine inlet pressure achieved by an engine operation at rated output.
Reference day conditions means the reference ambient conditions
to which the gaseous emissions (HC and smoke) are to be corrected. The
reference day conditions are as follows: Temperature=15 °C, specific
humidity=0.00629 kg H
Sample system means the system which provides for the transportation of the gaseous emission sample from the sample probe to the inlet of the instrumentation system.
Shaft power means only the measured shaft power output of a turboprop engine.
Smoke means the matter in exhaust emissions which obscures the transmission of light.
Smoke number (SN) means the dimensionless term quantifying smoke emissions.
Standard day conditions means standard ambient conditions as
described in the United States Standard Atmosphere 1976, (i.e.,
temperature=15 °C, specific humidity=0.00 kg H
Taxi/idle (in) means those aircraft operations involving taxi and idle between the time of landing roll-out and final shutdown of all propulsion engines.
Taxi/idle (out) means those aircraft operations involving taxi and idle between the time of initial starting of the propulsion engine(s) used for the taxi and the turn onto the duty runway.
[Doc. No. 25613, 55 FR 32861, Aug. 10, 1990; 55 FR 37287, Sept.
10, 1990, as amended by Amdt. 34-3, 64 FR 5558, Feb. 3, 1999]