Sec. 33.27 - Turbine, compressor, fan, and turbosupercharger
(a) Turbine, compressor, fan, and turbosupercharger rotors must have sufficient strength to withstand the test conditions specified in paragraph (c) of this section.
(b) The design and functioning of engine control devices, systems, and instruments must give reasonable assurance that those engine operating limitations that affect turbine, compressor, fan, and turbosupercharger rotor structural integrity will not be exceeded in service.
(c) The most critically stressed rotor component (except blades) of each turbine, compressor, and fan, including integral drum rotors and centrifugal compressors in an engine or turbosupercharger, as determined by analysis or other acceptable means, must be tested for a period of 5 minutes --
(1) At its maximum operating temperature, except as provided in paragraph (c)(2)(iv) of this section; and
(2) At the highest speed of the following, as applicable:
(i) 120 percent of its maximum permissible r.p.m. if tested on a rig and equipped with blades or blade weights.
(ii) 115 percent of its maximum permissible r.p.m. if tested on an engine.
(iii) 115 percent of its maximum permissible r.p.m. if tested on turbosupercharger driven by a hot gas supply from a special burner rig.
(iv) 120 percent of the r.p.m. at which, while cold spinning, it is subject to operating stresses that are equivalent to those induced at the maximum operating temperature and maximum permissible r.p.m.
(v) 105 percent of the highest speed that would result from failure of the most critical component or system in a representative installation of the engine.
(vi) The highest speed that would result from the failure of any component or system in a representative installation of the engine, in combination with any failure of a component or system that would not normally be detected during a routine preflight check or during normal flight operation.
Following the test, each rotor must be within approved dimensional limits for an overspeed condition and may not be cracked.
[Amdt. 33-10, 49 FR 6851, Feb. 23, 1984]