British Aircraft Corporation
The British Aircraft Corporation, or BAC, is a British
aircraft manufacturer, formed from the forced merger of the Bristol
Aeroplane Company, English Electric, Vickers-Armstrong and Hunting in
1959. Meanwhile a similar merger created the Hawker-Siddeley Group, while
engine design and manufacturing was concentrated at Rolls-Royce and the
newly formed Bristol-Siddeley Engines, and helicopters at Westland
Most of the BAC designs were taken over from the individual companies that
formed it. English Electric's latest design would become the ill-fated
TSR-2 supersonic strike aircraft. After successfully flying prototype
aircraft, political pressure forced development to cease and the remaining
airframes and most supporting equipment and documentation be destroyed.
Hunting's design for a short-range airliner continued as well, becoming
the BAC 1-11, which sold fairly well into the 1970s. Bristol had eschewed
the subsonic airliner market and was working on the Bristol 223 supersonic
transport, which was eventually merged with similar efforts at Sud
Aviation) to create the Anglo-French Concorde venture.
Later consolidation in the aerospace industry resulted in the company
merging into British Aerospace in 1977; Sud Aviation similarly merged with
Nord Aviation to form Aerospatiale.