The Mil Design
Bureau was organized under Mikhail L. Mil in 1947. Its first
helicopter, the Mi-1 first flew in 1948. Since then, Mil has developed a
full range of helicopters, from light utility to heavy transport. Perhaps
the most well known Mil helicopter outside of Russia is the Mi-24 combat
assault helicopter (NATO code name "Hind").
The difficulties of manufacturing a new type of aircraft
(the helicopter) lead to Mikhail Mil being appointed plant manager at the
plant responsible for producing Mil designs in the early 1950s. By the
1960s, Mil produced over 95% of the helicopters in the Soviet Union.
In 1993 the Mil Design Bureau and Moscow Helicopter
Plant were transformed to an open joint-stock company--the Mil Moscow
Note: Following the Soviet method of designating
aircraft, Mil was a design bureau and not a manufacturer of aircraft. The
Russian aircraft industry is in the process of adapting itself to the new
economy by integrating design bureaus and production facilities