Commonly abbreviated as Yak or YAK for aircraft designation.
Yakovlev Design Bureau: Russian aircraft designer.
Alexander Sergeevich Yakovlev, the founder of the Yakovlev design bureau
SOKOL Aircraft Building Plant
The plant was
created on the basis of "light aviation group" headed by A.S. Yakovlev. In
1934 the group split from Moscow Aviation Plant #39 named after
V.R.Menzhinski. A variety of trends were typical for the Design Bureau,
namely: light airplanes (since 1927), combat airplanes (since 1939),
helicopters (1945-60) and dropping airplanes (1948-49). The first
specialized passenger airplane of the DB was a six-seat airplane with two
engines ?19 (Ya-19, 1939) that was created on the basis of the UT-3,
bomber. The series four-seat headquarters airplane Yak-6 (1942) was also
the basis for creation of a six-seat passenger Yak-8 (1944). In 1947 the
Yak-16 with capacity of 10 passengers was successfully tested. All these
airplanes were destined as comparatively short distance airplanes. Their
design is extremely light, simple and easy in service.
These design features are
also typical for Yak-40 (1966)-the first passenger jet of the DB, which
was designed for domestic flights as a comfortable and speedy jetplane.
The 120-seat Yak-42 (1975) with three turbojet engines had the same design
and was destined for short range and domestic flights. Since 1934, when
the Yak airplanes were put into series production, they became numerous in
production and in operation. All in all 70,000 airplanes have been built
with more than 100 types and modifications.
The Yak Aircraft
Corporation is now a privatized Russian aviation corporation. The current
Yakovlev organization is now much smaller than it was in WWII. However,
the company retains a full capability for design, development,
experimental production, and serial production of very sophisticated
aerospace products. Yakovlev has associated production facilities in
Smolensk, Saratov, and Irkutsk. During World War II, Yakovlev produced
more Soviet fighters than any other company.
One of the Soviet Union's
most successful aircraft designers. Yakovlev was best known for his
piston-engined fighters, sports planes, and the first Soviet all-weather
jet fighter. Yak Aircraft Corporation has also built the world's only
supersonic VTOL fighter, the Yak-141. Other current aircraft include the
Yak-130 Advanced Trainer, the Yak-42 and Yak-40 transports, the Yak-54
aerobatic aircraft, and the "Bumblebee" unmanned aircraft.