European Aeronautic Defence and Space
European Aeronautic Defence and Space Company (EADS) is a
large European industrial consortium, whose primary members are
Aerospatiale-Matra of France, Dornier and DaimlerChrysler Aerospace AG (DASA)
of Germany, and Construcciones AeronŠuticas SA (CASA) of Spain. As of
2003, EADS employs more than 100,000 people at 70 production sites
worldwide. Its main office is situated in Amsterdam.
History and activities
EADS was formed by its member companies in July 2000, to become the
world's second largest aerospace company (after Boeing). EADS is also the
second-largest European arms manufacturer. The company develops and
markets civil and military aircraft, as well as missiles, space rockets,
and related systems.
In November 2003, EADS announced that it was considering working with
Japanese companies, and the Japanese METI, to develop a hypersonic
airliner intended to be a larger, faster, and quieter, replacement for the
Concorde, which was retired in October the same year.
EADS is a major contributor to the International Space Station, and is
expected to deliver the Columbus Laboratory Module in 2004 through its
subdivision EADS Space Transportation.
Airbus Industrie (joint ownership with BAE Systems)
Military Transport Aircraft (behind the A400M competitor to Lockheed
100% shareholder in satellite company EADS Astrium (after buying out BAE
Systems' 25% stake on January 30, 2003)
100% shareholder in EADS Space Transportation, responsible for the Ariane
launchers and orbital systems such as the Columbus orbital facility.
100% shareholder in EADS Space Services, formed mostly from Paradigm
Secure Communications Ltd, a defense satellite operator for the UK MoD
(operating the Skynet 5 system)
28% sharesholder in space transport operator Arianespace (largest
commercial shareholder of Arianespace)
Defence and Civil Systems
Eurocopter Group (100% ownership), manufacturer of light and medium civil
and military helicopters.
Dassault Aviation (45.76%), manufacturer of military aircraft.
MBDA (37.5%), manufacturer of missiles
Shareholders (October 2002)
Publicly traded 33.8% (CAC, DAX, Madrid)