Sherman Mills Fairchild got his start in the aviation industry by designing his own aerial cameras. In 1925, Huff-Daland failed to honour a contract with Sherman Fairchild acting as an independent aircraft salesman prompting the creation of Fairchild Aircraft Manufacturing Corp. in 1926. The U.S. Army's first dedicated photo- reconnaissance aircraft, the F-1 of 1929, was a Fairchild product.

1925: Fairchild hires Harold Caminez and forms Fairchild-Caminez to develop the Caminez 447 engine.
1926: Sherman Fairchild forms Fairchild Aviation Corp.

1929: Fairchild takes over Kreider-Reisner which operates as an separate unit until 1936. Fairchild-Caminez becomes the Fairchild Engine Corporation.

1936: Fairchild forms the Ranger Engine Division.

1964: Fairchild acquires Hiller Helicopters forming Fairchild Hiller.

1965: Fairchild acquires Republic Aviation forming the Republic Division of Fairchild Hiller.

1966: The parent company changes its name to Fairchild Industries.

1972: Fairchild acquires 90% of Swearingen Aviation, the maker of Metro airliners.

1987: Production costs and schedule problems with Fairchild's last aircraft, the T-46, leads to the announcement that Fairchild Industries is leaving the aircraft business.

1989: Fairchild Industries is acquired by Banner Industries which changes its name to The Fairchild Corporation. The Fairchild Corporation currently focuses on industrial products.

1991: The Fairchild Corp sells it's Metro plant in San Antonio, Texas. The new owners take the name Fairchild Aircraft (later Fairchild Aerospace).

1996: Fairchild Aerospace acquires Dornier to form Fairchild Dornier.

2002: Fairchild Dornier files bankruptcy. The court appointed administrator determines that the company will have to be sold in pieces.

Fairchild-Caminez 447

In the mid-1920s, Harold Caminez designed a radial engine that was lighter and used about half the parts needed for a conventional radial while producing the same power. Instead of a crank shaft, his engine used a large camshaft. There was no need for connecting rods, crankshaft throws or counterweights, or valve timing gears. The engine produced its rating at only 1,000 rpm.
The Caminez 447 first flew in 1926. Because of its light weight and low rpm, it vibrated excessively and plans to market the engine were abandoned in 1929.


  • 447C: 125 hp (93 kW)


  • Four-cylinder, air-cooled radial
  • Displacement: 447 cubic inches  (7.3 litres)
  • Bore x stroke: 5.625 x 4.5 inches

used by

  • Consolidated XPT-4