- Marc Birgkit and Damien Matèu found “Fabrica de Automoviles Hispano-Suiza” in Barcelona (Spain).
- Louis Seguin founds the company Gnome (June 6).
- Studies kick off for the first aeronautical rotary engine, the Gnome
Bugatti founds his automobile company.
- Léon Morane breaks the 100 km/h mark for the first time, with a Blériot monoplane powered by a Gnome Omega.
- Creation of the Hispano-Suiza works in France.
- Louis Verdet founds the Société des Moteurs Le Rhône.
- Roland Garros makes the first flight across with Mediterranean on a Morane-Saulnier H powered by a 60-hp Gnome Sigma.
- Gnome and Le Rhône pool their design and production resources.
- Gnome takes over Le Rhône, becoming the Société des Moteurs Gnome et
Rhône (January 12).
- Gnome & Rhône start motorcycle production to cope with the drop in aircraft orders.
- Gnome & Rhône purchases license for the Jupiter radial engine from Bristol Aeroplane Company of Britain.
- Gnome & Rhône is listed on the stock exchange.
- Production of rotary engines comes to a halt with the Rhône 9Z.
- Start of aeronautical business by a company which will become SFMA,
then Messier (1933).
- Young engineer Marcel Môme, 25, creates the Société d’Applications Générales de l’Electricité et
de la Mécanique – SAGEM.
- Sagem opens its first workshop, on Avenue de Clichy in Paris, to machine mechanical parts and
make electrical networks.
- Gnome & Rhône launches the Series K engine.
- Hispano-Suiza engines hold the most international aviation records – 14!
- Gnome & Rhône launches its new Series 14 line of engines, which will be very successful.
- The French government nationalizes most of the aviation industry, but not Gnome & Rhône or Hispano-Suiza.
- Joseph Szydlowski founds Turbomeca.
- Gnome & Rhône takes control of the Lorraine aero-engine firm.
- Two-thirds of the Gnome & Rhône plant in Gennevilliers is destroyed during a bombardment (May 10).
- Gnome & Rhône is nationalized, and Snecma created (May 29).
- Creation of the “Group O”, headed by Dr. Oestrich, which will
develop the Snecma Atar jet engine.
- Tests kick off on Atar prototype (March 26).
- Hispano-Suiza produces the Nene jet under license from Rolls-Royce.
- Start of volume production of Atar engines, which will power the
Dassault Ouragan, Mystère and Mirage aircraft.
- First flight of the Mirage III, powered by an Atar 9B (November 17).
- Snecma creates an electronics department, which will become Elecma.
- Snecma signs agreement with Pratt & Whitney for development of the JTF-10 jet engine. Pratt & Whitney takes a 10% stake in Snecma.
absorbs its subsidiary Voisin.
- Agreement between Snecma and Bristol Siddeley of the UK to develop the engine for the planned civilian supersonic transport, Concorde.
- Rolls-Royce and Hispano-Suiza sign a license agreement for joint production of the Tyne turboprop engine (January).
- Creation of Rolls-Royce Turbomeca to handle the Adour turbojet program for the French-English Jaguar aircraft.
takes control of Hispano-Suiza (consolidated as a division), Sochata
and Bugatti (May 28).
and Turbomeca create the GRTS consortium for the joint development of
the Larzac engine that will power the Alpha Jet trainer.
- Snecma and Messier sign agreement to group their landing gear businesses (December).
- Creation of Messier-Hispano, in which Snecma holds a 34% stake (September).
takes control of Messier-Hispano (October).
- Snecma and General Electric create CFM International, an equally owned company which will market the CFM56 (September).
- Creation of Sochata-Snecma, to consolidate the group’s aircraft engine repair activities (June).
- CFM56-2 flight tests start (February).
- First flight of the Mirage 2000 prototype, powered by a Snecma M53-2 jet engine (March).
- First flight of the Super Puma helicopter, powered by twin Makila
- CFM56 selected to reengine the USAF’s KC135-R tankers, and the
French air force’s C135-FR tankers (January).
CFM56-2 enters service on a Delta DC-8 (April 24).
- First flight tests of the CFM56-3 (February).
takes control of SEP (June).
- Testing starts on first FADEC, developed jointly by General Electric
and Elecma, Snecma’s electronics division (November).
Aviation, Snecma and Thomson-CSF (now Thales) create the Rafale
- First launch of Ariane 4 (June 15).
- Snecma takes control of Belgian company FN Moteurs (now Techspace Aero) (December).
announces that it is taking a stake in the GE90 engine program
- First flight of the Mirage 2000-5, powered by the Snecma M53-P2
introduces its current logo (June).
- First ground firing test of the MPS solid rocket motor for Ariane 5.
Produced by Europropulsion, an equally-owned subsidiary of Snecma and
FiatAvio (January), the MPS develops nearly 1.5 million pounds of
- Creation of Messier-Dowty, an equally-owned subsidiary of Snecma and the TI Group (July).
- Snecma acquires all of SEP, making it a division.
Control Systems is created to consolidate the group’s engine control
activities, including Elecma (September).
Services is created to consolidate the group’s engine MRO activities,
including Sochata-Snecma (April).
is converted into a holding company, and propulsion operations are
spun off into a new company called Snecma Moteurs (January).
- Reorganization of nacelle and thrust reverser operations completed
with the creation of Hurel-Hispano (April).
acquired (initially created by Airbus Industries) and integrated into
takes over the cabling operations at Boeing Corinth, Inc.
Group selected (Messier-Dowty) for the integrated landing gear on
Airbus’ A400M and for the landing gear on the new Boeing 787.
- Launch of VITAL the new European R&T program, led by Snecma Moteurs,
for cleaner aircraft.