Yakovlev Yak-3 performance and specifications
During the final two years of the Second World War, the
Yak-3 proved itself a powerful dogfighter. Tough and agile
below an altitude of 13,000 feet, the Yak-3
dominated the skies over the battlefields of the Eastern
Front during the closing years of the war.
The first attempt to
build a fighter called the Yak-3 was shelved in 1941 due
to a lack of building materials and an unreliable engine.
The second attempt used the Yak-1M, already in production,
to maintain the high number of planes being built. The
Yak-3 had a new, smaller wing and smaller dimensions then
its predecessor. Its light weight gave the Yak-3 more
agility. The Yak-3 completed its trials in October 1943
and began equipping the 91st IAP in July of 1944. In
August, small numbers of Yak-3s were built with an
improved engine generating 1,700-hp, and the aircraft saw
limited combat action in 1945. Production continued until
1946, by which time 4,848 had been built.
The story of the
Yak-3 did not end with the Second World War. In 1991, the
Museum of Flying, in Santa Monica, California, asked
Yakovlev to produce a new series of Yak-3s to be built at
Orenburg, Russia. The new Yak-3s were built using the
plans, tools, dies and fixtures of the original. They were
powered by American Allison engines, and given the
designation Yak-3UA. These
aircraft are now available on the civilian market.
Ubiytsa ("Killer"); Ostronosyi
("Sharp-Nose" -- Generic term for all inline-engine
powered Yak fighters).
One 1,300-hp Klimov VK-105PF-2 V-12 piston engine
Weight: Empty 4,641 lbs., Max Takeoff 5,864 lbs.
Wing Span: 30ft. 2.25in.
Length: 27ft. 10.25in.
Height: 7ft. 11.25in.
Maximum Speed: 407 mph
Ceiling: 35,105 ft.
Range: 559 miles
One engine-mounted 20-mm ShVAK cannon
Two 12.7-mm (0.5-inch) UBS machine guns
Built: 4,848 (Original 1940s-era models)
Airworthy: At least 5 newly-manufactured