phonetic alphabet & Morse code

click on letters to hear the Morse code

. Alfa (AL-FAH) . . . Sierra (SEE-AIR-RAH)
. . . Bravo (BRAH-VOH) Tango (TANG-GO)
. . Charlie (CHAR-LEE) . . Uniform (YOU-NEE-FORM)
. . Delta (DELL-TAH) . . . Victor (VIK-TAH)
. Echo (ECK-OH) . Whiskey (WISS-KEY)
. . . Foxtrot (FOKS-TROT) . . Xray (ECKS-RAY)
. Golf (GOLF) . Yankee (YANG-KEE)
. . . . Hotel (HOH-TELL) . . Zulu (ZOO-LOO)
. . India (IN-DEE-AH) . Wun
. Juliett (JEW-LEE-ETT) . . Too
. Kilo (KEY-LOH) . . . Tree
. . . Lima (LEE-MAH) . . . . Fow-er
Mike (MIKE) . . . . . Fife
. November (NO-VEM-BER) . . . . Six
Oscar (OSS-CAH) . . . Sev-en
. . Papa (PAH-PAH) . . Ait
. Quebec (KEH-BECK) . Nin-er
. . Romeo (ROW-ME-OH) Ze-ro
. - . - . - full stop - - . . - - comma
- . . . . - hyphen . . - - . . question mark

International Phonetic Alphabet Numerals
(Accented syllable in bold.)

0 - (zee - ro) 5 - (five)
1 - (wun) 6 - (six)
2 - (too) 7 - (sev - en)
3 - (three) 8 - (ait)
4 - (fow - er) 9 - (ni - ner)

Normally questions requiring a "yes" or "no" answer are answered using yes and no. However, in aviation the answers are "affirmative" for yes and "negative" for no.

Verbal communications are possibly more prone to confusion and misunderstanding than those that are written. Whether the person is a controller or pilot, what the sender (or speaker) transmits is not always what the receiver (or listener) receives or hears. When a controller transmits a clearance, the clearance is "read back" by the crewmember receiving the message. The "read-back" is used to confirm that the message received was indeed the message sent. Shorter words are more often misunderstood than longer words. It seems talkers start talking before listeners start listening. Over.