maximum lift flap setting
There is a concern about the use of flaps for
takeoff from a backcountry strip among many pilots. Should flaps be
used or not, and if used, how much flap should be used?
The majority of mountain pilots agree ...
flaps should be used for takeoff.
How much flaps? The POH or Owner's Manual
may give a recommendation, in which case you are obligated to use
their wisdom. But, if there is no blessing listed, the following
procedure will provide the maximum lift from any particular airfoil
Begin by making full control deflection,
aileron control (wheel or stick) moved full left in this picture.
This represents the maximum lift for the airfoil design. Remember,
lift and drag are directly proportional. Increase lift and you
increase drag. Here the manufacturer determined the maximum lift for
the aileron deflection is obtained at the particular angle
Next, match the flap deflection to the aileron
deflection. This provides the maximum amount of lift for the airfoil
(considering the effect of drag). This works for normally aspirated
engines. With the Cessna-type airplanes, it is necessary to parallel
the flap deflection to match the aileron deflection since they are
not side-by-side. This will result, for example, in about 12-degrees
flap extension in the Cessna 150-170 series airplanes.
If your airplane happens to be a
turbo-super charged wild duck, or some such derivative, the flaps
will probably be set at 50 percent because you are not as concerned
with the balance of engine power and