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Country Taiwan
Capital Taipei
Total Area 13,891.96 sq mi
35,980.00 sq km
(slightly smaller than Maryland and Delaware combined)
Population 22,191,087 (July 2000 est.)
Estimated Population in 2050 24,596,527
Languages Mandarin Chinese (official), Taiwanese (Min), Hakka dialects
Literacy 86% total, 93% male, 79% female (1980 est.)
Religions mixture of Buddhist, Confucian, and Taoist 93%, Christian 4.5%, other 2.5%
Life Expectancy 73.62 male, 79.32 female (2000 est.)
Government Type multiparty democratic regime headed by popularly elected president
Currency 1 New Taiwan dollar (NT$) = 100 cents
GDP (per capita) $16,100 (1999 est.)
Labor Force (by occupation) services 55%, industry 37%, agriculture 8% (1999 est.)
Industry electronics, petroleum refining, chemicals, textiles, iron and steel, machinery, cement, food processing
Agriculture rice, corn, vegetables, fruit, tea; pigs, poultry, beef, milk; fish
Arable Land 24%
Exports electronics, electric and machinery equipment 52%, metals, textiles, plastics, chemicals
Imports electronics, electric and machinery equipment 45%, minerals, precision instruments
Natural Resources small deposits of coal, natural gas, limestone, marble, and asbestos
Current Environmental Issues air pollution; water pollution from industrial emissions, raw sewage; contamination of drinking water supplies; trade in endangered species; low-level radioactive waste disposal
Telephones (main lines in use) 12 million (October 1999)