Heard Island and McDonald Islands

These uninhabited, barren, sub-Antarctic islands were transferred from the UK to Australia in 1947. Populated by large numbers of seal and bird species, the islands have been designated a nature preserve.
Location: islands in the Indian Ocean, about two-thirds of the way from Madagascar to Antarctica
Geographic coordinates: 53 06 S, 72 31 E
Area: total: 412 sq km
land: 412 sq km
water: 0 sq km
Land boundaries:
0 km
101.9 km
Maritime claims:
territorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm

Heard Island - 80% ice-covered, bleak and mountainous, dominated by a large massif (Big Ben) and an active volcano (Mawson Peak); McDonald Islands - small and rocky
Elevation extremes:
lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m
highest point: Mawson Peak, on Big Ben 2,745 m
Natural resources:
Land use:
arable land: 0%
permanent crops: 0%
other: 100% (2005)
Irrigated land:
0 sq km
Natural hazards:
Mawson Peak, an active volcano, is on Heard Island
uninhabited (July 2006 est.)
Country name:
conventional long form: Territory of Heard Island and McDonald Islands
conventional short form: Heard Island and McDonald Islands
Dependency lstatus:
territory of Australia; administered from Canberra by the Australian Antarctic Division of the Department of the Environment and Heritage
Legal system:
the laws of Australia, where applicable, apply
Flag description:
the flag of Australia is used
Economy - overview:
No indigenous economic activity, but the Australian Government allows limited fishing around the islands.
Ports and terminals:
none; offshore anchorage only
Military - note:
defence is the responsibility of Australia; Australia conducts fisheries patrols
Disputes - international: