Flag of Jersey

Map of Jersey


Jersey and the other Channel Islands represent the last remnants of the medieval Dukedom of Normandy that held sway in both France and England. These islands were the only British soil occupied by German troops in World War II. Jersey is a British crown dependency, but is not part of the UK.


Western Europe, island in the English Channel, northwest of France

Geographic coordinates:

49 15 N, 2 10 W


total: 116 sq km
land: 116 sq km
water: 0 sq km

Land boundaries:

0 km


70 km

Maritime claims:

territorial sea: 3 nm
exclusive fishing zone: 12 nm


temperate; mild winters and cool summers


gently rolling plain with low, rugged hills along north coast

Elevation extremes:

lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
highest point: unnamed location 143 m

Natural resources:

arable land

Land use:

arable land: 0%
permanent crops: 0%
other: 100% (2005)

Geography - note:

largest and southernmost of Channel Islands; about 30% of population concentrated in St. Helier


91,084 (July 2006 est.)

Age structure:

0-14 years: 17.2% (male 8,139/female 7,552)
15-64 years: 67.1% (male 30,407/female 30,691)
65 years and over: 15.7% (male 6,299/female 7,996) (2006 est.)

Median age:

total: 41.4 years
male: 40.7 years
female: 42.1 years (2006 est.)

Population growth rate:

0.28% (2006 est.)

Birth rate:

9.3 births/1,000 population (2006 est.)

Death rate:

9.28 deaths/1,000 population (2006 est.)

Net migration rate:

2.74 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2006 est.)

Sex ratio:

at birth: 1.08 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.08 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 0.99 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.79 male(s)/female
total population: 0.97 male(s)/female (2006 est.)

Infant mortality rate:

total: 5.16 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 5.52 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 4.78 deaths/1,000 live births (2006 est.)

Life expectancy at birth:

total population: 79.38 years
male: 76.89 years
female: 82.05 years (2006 est.)

Total fertility rate:

1.58 children born/woman (2006 est.)


noun: Channel Islander(s)
adjective: Channel Islander

Ethnic groups:

Jersey 51.1%, British 34.8%, Irish, French, and other white 6.6%, Portuguese/Madeiran 6.4%, other 1.1% (2001 census)


Anglican, Roman Catholic, Baptist, Congregational New Church, Methodist, Presbyterian


English 94.5% (official), Portuguese 4.6%, other 0.9% (2001 census)

Country name:

conventional long form: Bailiwick of Jersey
conventional short form: Jersey

Dependency status:

British crown dependency


Saint Helier

Administrative divisions:

none (British crown dependency)


none (British crown dependency)

National holiday:

Liberation Day, 9 May (1945)


unwritten; partly statutes, partly common law and practice

Legal system:

English law and local statute; justice is administered by the Royal Court


NA years of age; universal adult

Legislative branch:

unicameral Assembly of the States (55 voting members - 12 senators (elected for six-year terms), 12 constables or heads of parishes (elected for three-year terms), 29 deputies (elected for three-year terms); the bailiff and the deputy bailiff; and three non-voting members - the Dean of Jersey, the Attorney General, and the Solicitor General all appointed by the monarch)
elections: last held NA (next to be held NA); note - on 23 November 2005, 29 deputies, independents, were elected
election results: percent of vote - NA; seats - independents 55

Judicial branch:

Royal Court (judges elected by an electoral college and the bailiff)

Political parties and leaders:

none; all independents

Economy - overview:

Jersey's economy is based on international financial services, agriculture, and tourism. In 1996, the finance sector accounted for about 60% of the island's output. Potatoes, cauliflower, tomatoes, and especially flowers are important export crops, shipped mostly to the UK. The Jersey breed of dairy cattle is known worldwide and represents an important export income earner. Milk products go to the UK and other EU countries. Tourism accounts for 24% of GDP. In recent years, the government has encouraged light industry to locate in Jersey, with the result that an electronics industry has developed alongside the traditional manufacturing of knitwear. All raw material and energy requirements are imported, as well as a large share of Jersey's food needs. Light taxes and death duties make the island a popular tax haven. Living standards come close to those of the UK.

GDP (purchasing power parity):

$3.6 billion (2003 est.)

GDP - per capita (PPP):

$40,000 (2003 est.)

GDP - composition by sector:

agriculture: 5%
industry: 2%
services: 93% (1996)

Labor force:

52,790 (2004)

Unemployment rate:

0.9% (2004 est.)

Inflation rate (consumer prices):

5.3% (2004)


revenues: $601 million
expenditures: $588 million; including capital expenditures of $98 million (2000 est.)

Agriculture - products:

potatoes, cauliflower, tomatoes; beef, dairy products


tourism, banking and finance, dairy

Electricity - consumption:

630.1 million kWh (2004 est.)

Electricity - imports:

NA kWh; note - electricity supplied by France

Exports - commodities:

light industrial and electrical goods, foodstuffs, textiles

Exports - partners:

UK (2004)

Imports - commodities:

machinery and transport equipment, manufactured goods, foodstuffs, mineral fuels, chemicals

Imports - partners:

UK (2004)

Currency (code):

British pound (GBP); or Jersey pound which is also legal currency in the UK

Fiscal year:

1 April - 31 March

Telephones - main lines in use:

73,900 (2001)

Telephones - mobile cellular:

81,200 (2003)

Telephone system:

general assessment: NA
domestic: NA
international: 3 submarine cables

Radio broadcast stations:

AM NA, FM 1, shortwave 0 (1998)

Television broadcast stations:

2 (1997)

Internet country code:


Internet hosts:

1,162 (2005)

Internet users:

27,000 (2005)


1 (2005)

Airports - with paved runways:

total: 1
1,524 to 2,437 m: 1 (2005)


total: 577 km

Ports and terminals:

Gorey, Saint Aubin, Saint Helier

Military - note:

defense is the responsibility of the UK