Tromelin Island

Flag of Tromelin Island

Map of Tromelin Island


First explored by the French in 1776, the island came under the jurisdiction of Reunion in 1814. At present, it serves as a sea turtle sanctuary and is the site of an important meteorological station.


Southern Africa, island in the Indian Ocean, east of Madagascar

Geographic coordinates:

15 52 S, 54 25 E


total: 1 sq km
water: 0 sq km
land: 1 sq km

Maritime claims:

territorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation




low, flat, and sandy; likely volcanic

Elevation extremes:

lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m
highest point: unnamed location 7 m

Natural resources:


Geography - note:

climatologically important location for forecasting cyclones; wildlife sanctuary (seabirds, tortoises)


uninhabited, except for visits by scientists (July 2004 est.)

Dependency status:

possession of France; administered by a high commissioner of the Republic, resident in Reunion

Legal system:

the laws of France, where applicable, apply

Economy - overview:

no economic activity

Communications - note:

important meteorological station

Ports and harbors:

none; offshore anchorage only


1 (2003 est.)