Safety Reporting Program
The FAA has established a voluntary
Aviation Safety Reporting Program designed to stimulate
the free and unrestricted flow of information concerning
deficiencies and discrepancies in the aviation system.
This is a positive program intended to ensure the safest
possible system by identifying and correcting unsafe
conditions before they lead to accidents. The primary
objective of the program is to obtain information to
evaluate and enhance the safety and efficiency of the
This cooperative safety reporting program
invites pilots, controllers, flight attendants,
maintenance personnel and other users of the airspace
system, or any other person, to file written reports of
actual or potential discrepancies and deficiencies
involving the safety of aviation operations. The
operations covered by the program include departure, en
route, approach, and landing operations and procedures,
air traffic control procedures and equipment, crew and
air traffic control communications, aircraft cabin
operations, aircraft movement on the airport, near
midair collisions, aircraft maintenance and record
keeping and airport conditions or services.
The report should give the date, time,
location, persons and aircraft involved (if applicable),
nature of the event, and all pertinent details.
To ensure receipt of this information,
the program provides for the waiver of certain
disciplinary actions against persons, including pilots
and air traffic controllers, who file timely written
reports concerning potentially unsafe incidents. To be
considered timely, reports must be delivered or
postmarked within 10 days of the incident unless that
period is extended for good cause. Reports should be
submitted on NASA ARC Forms 277, which are available
free of charge, postage prepaid, at FAA Flight Standards
District Offices and Flight Service Stations, and from
NASA, ASRS, PO Box 189, Moffet Field, CA 94035.
The FAA utilizes the National Aeronautics
and Space Administration (NASA) to act as an independent
third party to receive and analyze reports submitted
under the program. This program is described in AC
00-46, Aviation Safety Reporting Program.
Aircraft Accident and Incident Reporting
operator of an aircraft shall immediately, and by the
most expeditious means available, notify the nearest
National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) Field Office
An aircraft accident or any of the
following listed incidents occur:
Flight control system malfunction or
Inability of any required flight crew
member to perform their normal flight duties as a
result of injury or illness.
Failure of structural components of a
turbine engine excluding compressor and turbine
blades and vanes.
Aircraft collide in flight.
Damage to property, other than the
aircraft, estimated to exceed $25,000 for repair
(including materials and labor) or fair market value
in the event of total loss, whichever is less.
For large multi-engine aircraft (more
than 12,500 pounds maximum certificated takeoff
Inflight failure of electrical
systems which requires the sustained use of an
emergency bus powered by a back-up source such as
a battery, auxiliary power unit, or air-driven
generator to retain flight control or essential
Inflight failure of hydraulic
systems that results in sustained reliance on the
sole remaining hydraulic or mechanical system for
movement of flight control surfaces;
Sustained loss of the power or
thrust produced by two or more engines; and
An evacuation of aircraft in which
an emergency egress system is utilized.
An aircraft is overdue and is believed
to have been involved in an accident.
b. Manner of
The most expeditious method of
notification to the NTSB by the operator will be
determined by the circumstances existing at that time.
The NTSB has advised that any of the following would
be considered examples of the type of notification
that would be acceptable:
Direct telephone notification.
Notification to the FAA who would in
turn notify the NTSB by direct communication; i.e.,
dispatch or telephone.
c. Items to be
Included in Notification.
notification required above shall contain the following
information, if available:
Type, nationality, and registration
marks of the aircraft.
Name of owner and operator of the
Name of the pilot-in-command.
Date and time of the accident, or
Last point of departure, and point of
intended landing of the aircraft.
Position of the aircraft with reference
to some easily defined geographical point.
Number of persons aboard, number
killed, and number seriously injured.
Nature of the accident, or incident,
the weather, and the extent of damage to the aircraft
so far as is known; and
A description of any explosives,
radioactive materials, or other dangerous articles
d. Follow-up Reports.
The operator shall file a report on
NTSB Form 6120.1 or 6120.2, available from NTSB Field
Offices or from the NTSB, Washington, DC, 20594:
Within 10 days after an accident;
When, after 7 days, an overdue
aircraft is still missing;
A report on an incident for which
notification is required as described in
subparagraph a(1) shall be filed only as requested
by an authorized representative of the NTSB.
Each crewmember, if physically able at
the time the report is submitted, shall attach a
statement setting forth the facts, conditions, and
circumstances relating to the accident or incident as
they appeared. If the crewmember is incapacitated, a
statement shall be submitted as soon as physically
e. Where to File the
The operator of an aircraft shall file
with the NTSB Field Office nearest the accident or
incident any report required by this section.
The NTSB Field Offices are listed under
U.S. Government in the telephone directories in the
following cities: Anchorage, AK; Atlanta, GA; Chicago,
IL; Denver, CO; Forth Worth, TX; Los Angeles, CA;
Miami, FL; Parsippany, NJ; Seattle, WA.
Near Midair Collision Reporting
a. Purpose and Data
Uses. The primary purpose of
the Near Midair Collision (NMAC) Reporting Program is to
provide information for use in enhancing the safety and
efficiency of the National Airspace System. Data
obtained from NMAC reports are used by the FAA to
improve the quality of FAA services to users and to
develop programs, policies, and procedures aimed at the
reduction of NMAC occurrences. All NMAC reports are
thoroughly investigated by Flight Standards Facilities
in coordination with Air Traffic Facilities. Data from
these investigations are transmitted to FAA Headquarters
in Washington, DC, where they are compiled and analyzed,
and where safety programs and recommendations are
A near midair collision is defined as
an incident associated with the operation of an aircraft
in which a possibility of collision occurs as a result
of proximity of less than 500 feet to another aircraft,
or a report is received from a pilot or a flight crew
member stating that a collision hazard existed between
two or more aircraft.
Responsibility. It is the
responsibility of the pilot and/or flight crew to
determine whether a near midair collision did actually
occur and, if so, to initiate a NMAC report. Be
specific, as ATC will not interpret a casual remark to
mean that a NMAC is being reported. The pilot should
state "I wish to report a near midair collision."
d. Where to File
Reports. Pilots and/or flight
crew members involved in NMAC occurrences are urged to
report each incident immediately:
By radio or telephone to the nearest
FAA ATC facility or FSS.
In writing, in lieu of the above, to
the nearest Flight Standards District Office (FSDO).
e. Items to be
Date and time (UTC) of incident.
Location of incident and altitude.
Identification and type of reporting
aircraft, aircrew destination, name and home base of
Identification and type of other
aircraft, aircrew destination, name and home base of
Type of flight plans; station altimeter
Detailed weather conditions at altitude
or flight level.
Approximate courses of both aircraft:
indicate if one or both aircraft were climbing or
Reported separation in distance at
first sighting, proximity at closest point
horizontally and vertically, and length of time in
sight prior to evasive action.
Degree of evasive action taken, if any
(from both aircraft, if possible).
Injuries, if any.
The FSDO in whose area the
incident occurred is responsible for the investigation
and reporting of NMAC's.
Existing radar, communication, and
weather data will be examined in the conduct of the
investigation. When possible, all cockpit crew
members will be interviewed regarding factors involving
the NMAC incident. Air traffic controllers will be
interviewed in cases where one or more of the involved
aircraft was provided ATC service. Both flight and ATC
procedures will be evaluated. When the investigation
reveals a violation of an FAA regulation, enforcement
action will be pursued.
Unidentified Flying Object (UFO) Reports
Persons wanting to report UFO activity
should contact the National Institute for Discovery
Sciences (NIDS) via the following methods:
(702) 798-1700 Voice
(702) 798-1970 Facsimile
NIDS will ask a series of questions
(verbal and/or via questionnaire) concerning the event.
NIDS is the single point of contact recognized by the
FAA in regard to UFO information. They will maintain a
national database on anomalous phenomena and
periodically share that information with the FAA.
If concern is expressed that life or
property might be endangered, refer the individual to
the local police department.