Chapter 7. Safety of Flight

Section 1. Meteorology
7-1-1. National Weather Service Aviation Products   7-1-16. Reporting Prevailing Visibility
7-1-2. FAA Weather Services   7-1-17. Estimating Intensity of Rain and Ice Pellets
7-1-3. Preflight Briefing   7-1-18. Estimating Intensity of Snow or Drizzle (Based on Visibility)
7-1-4. En Route Flight Advisory Service (EFAS)   7-1-19. Pilot Weather Reports (PIREP's)
7-1-5. Inflight Weather Advisories   7-1-20. PIREP's Relating to Airframe Icing
7-1-6. Categorical Outlooks   7-1-21. PIREP's Relating to Turbulence
7-1-7. Telephone Information Briefing Service (TIBS)   7-1-22. Wind Shear PIREP's
7-1-8. Transcribed Weather Broadcast (TWEB)   7-1-23. Clear Air Turbulence (CAT) PIREP's
7-1-9. Inflight Weather Broadcasts   7-1-24. Microbursts
7-1-10. Flight Information Services Data Link (FISDL)   7-1-25. PIREP's Relating to Volcanic Ash Activity
7-1-11. Weather Observing Programs   7-1-26. Thunderstorms
7-1-12. Weather Radar Services   7-1-27. Thunderstorm Flying
7-1-13. ATC Inflight Weather Avoidance Assistance   7-1-28. Key to Aerodrome Forecast (TAF) and Aviation
Routine Weather Report (METAR)
7-1-14. Runway Visual Range (RVR)   7-1-29. International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO)
Weather Formats
7-1-15. Reporting of Cloud Heights


Section 2. Altimeter Setting Procedures
  7-2-1. General   7-2-4. High Barometric Pressure
7-2-2. Procedures 7-2-5. Low Barometric Pressure
7-2-3. Altimeter Errors


Section 3. Wake Turbulence
  7-3-1. General   7-3-6. Vortex Avoidance Procedures
  7-3-2. Vortex Generation   7-3-7. Helicopters
  7-3-3. Vortex Strength   7-3-8. Pilot Responsibility
  7-3-4. Vortex Behavior   7-3-9. Air Traffic Wake Turbulence Separations
  7-3-5. Operations Problem Areas      


Section 4. Bird Hazards and Flight
Over National Refuges, Parks, and Forests
  7-4-1. Migratory Bird Activity   7-4-4. Reporting Bird and Other Wildlife Activities
  7-4-2. Reducing Bird Strike Risks   7-4-5. Pilot Advisories on Bird and Other Wildlife Hazards
  7-4-3. Reporting Bird Strikes   7-4-6. Flights Over Charted U.S. Wildlife Refuges, Parks, and
Forest Service Areas


Section 5. Potential Flight Hazards
  7-5-1. Accident Cause Factors   7-5-7. Seaplane Safety
  7-5-2. VFR in Congested Areas   7-5-8. Flight Operations in Volcanic Ash
  7-5-3. Obstructions to Flight   7-5-9. Emergency Airborne Inspection of Other Aircraft
  7-5-4. Avoid Flight Beneath Unmanned Balloons   7-5-10. Precipitation Static
  7-5-5. Mountain Flying   7-5-11. Light Amplification by Stimulated Emission of Radiation (Laser) Operations
  7-5-6. Use of Runway Half-way Signs at Unimproved Airports      


Section 6. Safety, Accident, and Hazard Reports
  7-6-1. Aviation Safety Reporting Program
  7-6-2. Aircraft Accident and Incident Reporting
  7-6-3. Near Midair Collision Reporting
  7-6-4. Unidentified Flying Object (UFO) Reports