Chapter 4. Air Traffic Control

Section 1. Services Available to Pilots
  4-1-1. Air Route Traffic Control Centers   4-1-12. Use of UNICOM for ATC Purposes
  4-1-2. Control Towers   4-1-13. Automatic Terminal Information Service (ATIS)
4-1-3. Flight Service Stations 4-1-14. Radar Traffic Information Service
  4-1-4. Recording and Monitoring   4-1-15. Safety Alert
  4-1-5. Communications Release of IFR Aircraft Landing at an Airport Without an Operating Control Tower   4-1-16. Radar Assistance to VFR Aircraft
  4-1-6. Pilot Visits to Air Traffic Facilities   4-1-17. Terminal Radar Services for VFR Aircraft
  4-1-7. Operation Take-off and Operation Raincheck   4-1-18. Tower En Route Control (TEC)
  4-1-8. Approach Control Service for VFR Arriving Aircraft   4-1-19. Transponder Operation
  4-1-9. Traffic Advisory Practices at Airports Without Operating Control Towers   4-1-20. Hazardous Area Reporting Service
  4-1-10. IFR Approaches/Ground Vehicle Operations   4-1-21. Airport Reservations Operations and Procedures
  4-1-11. Designated UNICOM/MULTICOM Frequencies   4-1-22. Requests for Waivers and Authorizations from Title 14, Code of Federal Regulations (14 CFR)


Section 2. Radio Communications Phraseology and Techniques
  4-2-1. General   4-2-8. Figures
  4-2-2. Radio Technique   4-2-9. Altitudes and Flight Levels
  4-2-3. Contact Procedures   4-2-10. Directions
  4-2-4. Aircraft Call Signs   4-2-11. Speeds
  4-2-5. Description of Interchange or Leased Aircraft   4-2-12. Time
  4-2-6. Ground Station Call Signs   4-2-13. Communications with Tower when Aircraft Transmitter or Receiver or Both are Inoperative
  4-2-7. Phonetic Alphabet   4-2-14. Communications for VFR Flights


Section 3. Airport Operations
  4-3-1. General   4-3-14. Communications
  4-3-2. Airports with an Operating Control Tower   4-3-15. Gate Holding Due to Departure Delays
  4-3-3. Traffic Patterns   4-3-16. VFR Flights in Terminal Areas
  4-3-4. Visual Indicators at Airports Without an Operating Control Tower   4-3-17. VFR Helicopter Operations at Controlled Airports
  4-3-5. Unexpected Maneuvers in the Airport Traffic Pattern   4-3-18. Taxiing
  4-3-6. Use of Runways/Declared Distances   4-3-19. Taxi During Low Visibility
  4-3-7. Low Level Wind Shear Alert System (LLWAS) and Terminal Doppler Weather Radar (TDWR)   4-3-20. Exiting the Runway After Landing
  4-3-8. Braking Action Reports and Advisories   4-3-21. Practice Instrument Approaches
  4-3-9. Runway Friction Reports and Advisories   4-3-22. Option Approach
  4-3-10. Intersection Takeoffs   4-3-23. Use of Aircraft Lights
  4-3-11. Pilot Responsibilities When Conducting Land and Hold  Short Operations (LAHSO)   4-3-24. Flight Inspection/`Flight Check' Aircraft in Terminal Areas
  4-3-12. Low Approach   4-3-25. Hand Signals
  4-3-13. Traffic Control Light Signals   4-3-26. Operations at Uncontrolled Airports With Automated Surface Observing System (ASOS)/Automated Weather Observing System (AWOS)


Section 4. ATC Clearances/Separations
  4-4-1. Clearance   4-4-9. Adherence to Clearance
  4-4-2. Clearance Prefix   4-4-10. IFR Separation Standards
  4-4-3. Clearance Items   4-4-11. Speed Adjustments
  4-4-4. Amended Clearances   4-4-12. Runway Separation
  4-4-5. Special VFR Clearances   4-4-13. Visual Separation
  4-4-6. Pilot Responsibility upon Clearance Issuance   4-4-14. Use of Visual Clearing Procedures
  4-4-7. IFR Clearance VFR-on-top   4-4-15. Traffic Alert and Collision Avoidance System
  4-4-8. VFR/IFR Flights